WELDING, CUTTING & BRAZING TRAINING



BACKGROUND:
Welding, cutting, and brazing operations have obvious hazards, but it is surprisingly easy for employees to forget or ignore these hazards. It is particularly important to remind employees about fire and health hazards that are common in these types of operations. Oxygen-fuel gas welding and cutting are dangerous and, consequently, are heavily regulated operations. The protection of personnel is of paramount importance when welding, cutting and brazing work is performed.

The OSHA welding standard requires workmen in charge of oxygen or fuel gas supply equipment shall be instructed and judged competent by their employers before being left in charge. Cutters and welders and their supervisors must be suitably trained in the safe operations of their equipment and the safe use of the process (system).

TRAINING OBJECTIVES
By the end of this session, employees should understand:
• The hazards of welding, cutting and brazing operations;
• How to minimize fires from these operations;
• How to protect themselves from injury when performing these operations.

LENGTH OF CLASS:
• Initial – 3-4 hours

1. Training Material
 Welders Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
 Use of Hot Work Permit System

2. Introduce Topic and tell Employees Objective of the Training
 Review Requirements listed in OSHA regulations
 Supervisor Responsibilities
 Operator Responsibilities
 Contractors Responsibilities
 Hot Work Hazards
• No butane lighters
 Injury to worker
 Fire/explosion hazards

3. Welding and Hot Work Hazards
 Fire from sparks/slag
 Explosion
 Asphyxiation in closed spaces
 Toxic fumes
 Eye injury from high intensity light

4. Protection from Hazards of Welding
 Establish cross ventilation
 Confined space welding
 Ductwork 
 Areas where welding may not be permitted if isolation does not occur 
 Welding housekeeping (follow hot work permit)

5. PPE (Discuss use and limitations of each)
 Proper selection of lens
 Welder helmet
 Welder Apron/Vest/Chaps
 Gloves
 Proper respirator usage requirements
 Hearing protection

6. Proper care of Welding Equipment
 During setup
• Oxy-fuel gas welding and cutting
 During use
 Proper storage and securing (separation of O2 and Acetylene)

7. Use a fire watch (welder helper glasses required for protection)
 Fire watch responsibilities 

Specifically the fire watch must know:
 That their ONLY duty is Fire Watch
 When they can terminate the watch
 How to use the provided fire extinguisher
 Location of fire extinguishers
 How to activate fire alarm if fire is beyond the incipient stage

8. Stage a Fire Extinguisher & Fire Watch
 Fire extinguisher training

9. Documentation Requirements
 Inspection report

10. Gas Welder Safety

11. Electric Welder Safety

12. Enforcement

13. Training



Designed by: Denis Kennedy 
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