Job Safety Analysis & Safe Operating Procedures
Job Safety Analysis (JSA’s) is a process of determining physical requirements, environmental conditions and safety factors relating to a specific job or task. JSA’s are best used for stationary or repetitive production tasks or product movement, in which the job, equipment and work environment change very little.
Safe Operating Procedures (SOP’s) are written step-by-step procedures for a specific non-repetitive task which may be hazardous or critical. The purpose of an SOP is to provide written guidance for a particular task such that any qualified person can successfully and safely complete the task. SOP’s are best developed and used for highly skilled jobs and when the equipment and work environment change often. For example, an SOP with appropriate warnings and cautions, would best be developed and used for tasks such as confined space entry, maintenance tasks, lockout-tagout, welding operations, system startup and shutdown.
1. Resource for supervisors to train new employees
2. Control of job steps
3. Identification and control of potential hazards
4. Benchmark for accident investigation
5. Review of employee performance
A Safe Operating Procedure consists of:
1. A written step by step procedure for a specific task
2. A description of possible hazards & cautions
3. Hazard Control steps
4. List of required personal protective equipment (PPE)
5. Qualifications required for the operation
SOP’s may be permanently posted or consist of multi-page instructions that are to be reviewed prior to each time a qualified person performs the task.
SOP’s are developed and completed by the following steps:
1. Development of SOPs
2. Review and approval of SOPs
3. Implementation of SOPs
4. Review and updating SOPs
5. Periodic Training using SOPs
A Job Safety Analysis consist of:
1. Job Physical Requirements
2. Job Environmental Conditions
3. Personal Protective Equipment required
4. Sequence of Basic Job Steps
5. Potential Accident or Hazards associated with each step
6. Safe Job Practice for each step
Job Safety Analysis are completed through the followings steps:
1. Development of JSA’s
2. Review and approval of JSA’s
3. Implementation of JSA’s
4. Review and updating JSA’s
5. Periodic Training using JSA’s
After the draft copy of the JSA/SOP has been completed, it should be reviewed by a team consisting of the Safety Coordinator, Department Manager, Supervisor and affected Employees. All questions should be discussed by the team. A final version is then drafted.
Implementation of JSA/SOP’s
Completed JSA/SOP’s are then reviewed with the entire department by the Supervisor. New hires and transfers should have the JSA/SOP’s reviewed with them and made part of the Employee's job performance evaluation.
All new hazards, operations, equipment and tools should be updated on the JSA/SOP’s and communicated to all Employees as soon as possible. JSA’s will become out-dated if not reviewed periodically.
Periodic Training and Retraining
Annually, the JSA/SOP’s should be reviewed by the Supervisors with all Employees. JSA/SOP’s should be reviewed with the Employee during an accident investigation to help identify possible causes or problem areas.